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Recycling Scrap Tires In America

Mr. Crumb receives many call about recycling scrap tire and does RubberForm recycle used – scrap tires. The answer is No. RubberForm does not buy, recycle, or take scrap/used tires, we buy our rubber from scrap tire processors that turn your used tires into our raw material “Crumb” rubber. Mr. Crumb has linked the RubberForm website to the EPA’s website to highlight the scrap tire programs for the 50 U.S. States. Each state makes its own scrap tire laws and regulations. These laws typically set the stage for rules for scrap tire storage, collection, processing, and use. States also establish programs to clean up old scrap tire stockpiles, and the funding needed to accomplish that goal.

Where You Live

Choose your region or state from the map below or scroll down to find information about regional and state scrap tire programs. Also consult EPA’s Quick Reference Guide to State Scrap Tire Programs (PDF) (53 pp, 262K, about PDF) which summarizes state scrap tire regulations and programs.

map of the US tireRegion 1

The states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island have all enacted legislation specific to scrap tires. Although Vermont has no legislation specific to tires, the state is actively working to find innovative uses for scrap tires (including riverbank and slope stabilization, septic systems, and lightweight fill projects) and addresses scrap tire management as part of other environmental legislation. The state of Maine established an aggressive stockpile abatement program in 1996, and since then, have removed over seven million tires from stockpiles and directed them to beneficial uses.

Region 2

Both New Jersey and New York are working to expand markets for scrap tires. In New York, representatives from the scrap tire industry, scrap tire end users, and others formed a roundtable group to develop both short- and long-term market development programs. The NJ DOT has conducted several demonstration projects that utilize various mixes of rubber-modified asphalt. Other innovative uses being explored by the state of New Jersey include artificial reef development and a process similar to pyrolysis.

Region 3

The states of Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia have strong scrap tire management programs. In West Virginia, the state DOT administers the Scrap Tire Cleanup Fund which comes from a $5 fee on all new automobile registrations. Delaware has no scrap tire legislation, however, tires are being managed as either a solid waste or recyclable material under existing solid waste regulations.

Region 4

Many of the states in Region 4 are actively implementing innovative uses for scrap tires. The state of Florida has been a leader in the use of asphalt rubber for use in highway pavement. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina allow tire shreds to be used in construction of drain fields for septic systems. Kentucky has used tires funds for market development including expanded use of tire derived fuel. In Tennessee, each county receives $70 per ton for waste tires collected and sent to beneficial end use through the state’s Waste Tire Grant Fund. And both Mississippi and North Carolina administer funds to improve the use of recycled products, including tires.

Region 5

The states in Region 5 are actively addressing scrap tire management. Minnesota was the first state to pass laws addressing the management of scrap tires in 1985. Wisconsin was also an early leader in scrap tire management and disposal. The Illinois EPA established a Used Tire Program that funds over 100 waste tire cleanups throughout the state each year. Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio have all developed scrap tire market development programs and financial incentives for products made from recycled scrap tires.

Region 6

EPA Region 6 is aggressively working with the states to address illegal dumping of tires along the US/Mexico border in Texas and New Mexico. Both Arkansas and Louisiana provide financial incentives to reuse or recycle scrap tires. Oklahoma is finding new, innovative uses for scrap tires including the use of tires in riverbank stabilization projects.

Region 7

The states in Region 7 all ban whole tires from disposal in landfills and have enacted rules and regulations to ensure the proper management of scrap tires. Iowa’s Waste Tire End Users Incentives Program provides up to $10 per ton to end users of processed waste tire products to increase end uses/markets for processed waste tire materials including the purchase of tire derived fuelcrumb rubber, or shredded tires for civil engineering uses. Nebraska and Missouri also provide grants to users of scrap tires and tire derived products. The state of Kansas provides funds for the development of waste tire recycling market.

Region 8

The states in Region 8 have all enacted scrap tire management programs to ensure the proper management of waste tires through collection, transportation, storage, and/or processing of scrap tires. Utah and Colorado also provide end user incentives and market incentives, while the state of Montana provides tax credits for the procurement of recycled products. South Dakota provides funding for recycling end uses, including tire derived fuel programs. And, the South Dakota DOT is developing civil engineering applications for shredded tires

Region 9

California and Arizona use the most asphalt rubber in highway construction (over 80% of asphalt rubber utilized). Both Hawaii and Nevada provide financial incentives to state agencies for purchasing products made with recycled materials, including retread tires.

Region 10

The states in Region 10 have enacted regulations designed to prevent problematic storage and disposal of tires. Oregon and Washington have established disposal laws that regulate how tires are collected and stored. Oregon’s regulations are also designed to encourage alternatives to disposal. In 2003, Idaho strengthened its Waste Tire Act by adding new provisions to allow the state, counties, and cities to regulate waste tire storage and disposal sites, and find additional methods for recycling/reusing tires. Alaska has no scrap tire legislation, however, the Alaskan DOT was the first in the US to field test rubberized asphalt.

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